Monday, May 13, 2024

The Importance of Devotion to Our Lady of Fatima and the Rosary

In the heart of Catholic tradition lies a deep reverence for Our Lady of Fatima and the Rosary, two elements of faith that have been sources of comfort, guidance, and spiritual strength for millions around the world. The story of Fatima began in 1917, 107 years ago, when three young Portuguese children received apparitions of the Virgin Mary, who imparted messages of peace, repentance, and the power of prayer. This event has since become a cornerstone of Catholic Marian devotion, emphasizing the importance of the Rosary as a means of seeking divine assistance and fostering global peace.

The significance of Our Lady of Fatima is deeply intertwined with the Rosary, as she specifically asked for its daily recitation. The Rosary is a meditative prayer that contemplates the life of Jesus Christ through the eyes of Mary, offering a pathway to reflect on the fundamental mysteries of faith. It is believed that through the Rosary, one can achieve a deeper connection with God, find solace in times of distress, and contribute to the betterment of the world by praying for peace.

Devotion to Our Lady of Fatima is not just about honoring Mary; it is also about heeding her call to live a life of virtue and prayer. The messages delivered at Fatima stressed the need for conversion, penance, and prayer, particularly the Rosary, to bring about the salvation of souls and peace on Earth. The apparitions coincided with the turmoil of World War I, making the call for peace even more poignant and urgent. The children were also shown a vision of hell, emphasizing the dire consequences of sin and the importance of spiritual sacrifice for the conversion of sinners.

The "Five First Saturdays" devotion is another aspect of the Fatima message, where the faithful are encouraged to confess, receive Communion, recite the Rosary, and meditate on its mysteries on the first Saturday of five consecutive months. This practice is believed to bring special graces and the assistance of Mary at the time of death.

The miracle of the sun, witnessed by thousands during the last apparition, served as a divine sign of the authenticity of the Fatima messages. It reinforced the importance of the Rosary and the devotion to Mary's Immaculate Heart, which are seen as powerful tools for spiritual growth and intercession.

Today, the devotion to Our Lady of Fatima and the Rosary continues to inspire Catholics from diverse cultures, uniting them in a shared commitment to prayer and the pursuit of peace. The Rosary, with its repetitive and contemplative nature, serves as a spiritual anchor, helping the faithful navigate the complexities of modern life while staying rooted in their faith.

In conclusion, the devotion to Our Lady of Fatima and the Rosary holds a vital place in Catholic spirituality. It is a call to embrace a life of prayer, penance, and conversion, with the promise of Mary's guidance and the hope for a world transformed by peace and divine love. As we reflect on the enduring messages of Fatima, let us renew our commitment to the Rosary, allowing it to lead us closer to Christ and to the fulfillment of Our Lady's vision for humanity.

Sunday, May 12, 2024

Reflection for the 7th Sunday of Easter: Let Them Be One

As the Seventh Sunday of Easter approaches, Catholics around the world prepare to delve into the profound spiritual themes presented in the liturgy for Year B. This day offers a moment of reflection on the readings that speak to the heart of Christian faith and the journey towards unity with God.

The first reading from Acts 1:15-17, 20A, 20C-26, presents the narrative of the Apostles choosing Matthias to replace Judas, emphasizing the importance of apostolic witness and continuity in the Church's mission. It is a reminder of the Church's resilience and the unbroken line of witness that stretches back to the very beginnings of the Christian faith.

The Responsorial Psalm, Psalm 103, is a poetic expression of praise, acknowledging God's mercy and the vastness of His love. It is a call to remember the kindnesses of the Lord, who rules over all from His throne in heaven.

The second reading from 1 John 4:11-16 invites the faithful to reflect on the profound love of God and the call to love one another deeply. This mutual love confirms God's presence among us and perfects His love through our actions. It is a powerful message that challenges believers to live out the commandment of love in tangible ways.

The Gospel reading from John 17:11B-19 is particularly moving, as it recounts Jesus' prayer for His disciples. He prays not for their removal from the world but for their protection from evil. Jesus asks for their sanctification and unity, mirroring the unity between Him and the Father. This passage invites the faithful to consider their own place in the world and their commitment to living out the Gospel values.

The themes for this Sunday revolve around leadership, divine love, and Jesus' prayer for His disciples. They call for a commitment to reject evil and live lives of service, to be united with God in love, and to be consecrated to the Good News.

In reflection, the Seventh Sunday of Easter invites the faithful to ponder their relationship with God and their role in the world. It is a time to ask oneself: How does my life reflect my belonging to God? How do I embody the love that God has for me in my interactions with others? And how do I contribute to the unity and sanctification that Jesus prayed for?

The greatest scandal in Christianity may be the sex abuse scandal perpetuated by Catholics, Protestants and Eastern Non-Catholic Christians, however, in reality the biggest scandal is disunity. Yes, sex abuse is evil and sinful. It is a crime, but in context to today's Gospel we must concede that the greatest scandal is disuinty. Jesus wanted His followers to be ONE. To be sanctified in Truth. Unfortunately we do not see this today. Since the Great Schism and Protestant Reformation, there have been huge divides in Christianity that are inexcusable.  We have many rites in the Eastern Church who refuse to be united to Peter or the Papacy. They argue against the Holy Spirit proceding the Father and the Son and other details of doctrine that have been established since the first century. Then we have the numerous Protestant sects and denonminations each claiming to be the "One True Church" presenting different and contradicting doctrines. In many instances, they subtract main doctrines and Scripture in order to push their propaganda. 

This is not what Jesus Christ the Lord who is One with the Father and the Holy Spirit wanted.  He wanted unity!  One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism as Scripture says!  Because of this disunity we have seen a rise in secularism and other idealogies that defy reason. How can Christianity be true if it is divide? How can we trust a faith that has different groups with different views and interpretations of the Bible?  How can we believe groups that claim to be Christian why demoting Christ into "a god," editing John 1:1 to say Jesus is "a god" and that Jesus is Michael the archangel?  Jesus is the Truth. The Church is ONE body. She cannot be different bodies attached to each other.  We must work hard to be united again. The Eastern Christians who broke from Rome must reevaluate history, particular Church history and see that the Pope has always been Peter and the Vicar of Christ.  They must study theology deeply and see that the teachings of the Roman Church have never changed and are consistent since the first century.  Protestants must learn history and see that a rogue priest named Martin Luther fathered their divorce from the Catholic Church. They must learn that their sects were founded by European White men and that their views contradict the Bible and what Christians taught and believed since the first century.  

As we approach this sacred time, let us embrace the messages of the readings and carry them into our daily lives, striving to live in the image of the love and unity that Christ has shown us. May this reflection serve as a guide for personal meditation and communal worship, leading to a deeper understanding and a stronger commitment to our faith journey.

Thursday, May 9, 2024

The Ascension of the Lord: I Go To Prepare A Mansion

The Ascension of the Lord: A Reflection on its Significance and Celebration

The Ascension of the Lord is a profound Christian feast that commemorates Jesus Christ's bodily ascent to heaven in the presence of His apostles, occurring 40 days after the resurrection. This event marks a pivotal moment in Christian theology, symbolizing the completion of Christ's earthly mission and the glorification of His divine nature.

According to the New Testament, particularly in the Acts of the Apostles (1:9-11), after Jesus' resurrection, He appeared to His disciples, teaching them and speaking of the kingdom of God. On the day of His ascension, He blessed them and was lifted up before their eyes, disappearing into a cloud, signifying His return to the Father and His inauguration as the eternal high priest, interceding on behalf of humanity.

The Ascension is not merely a historical event but also a theological milestone that has significant implications for Christian faith and practice. It affirms Jesus' divinity, His triumph over death, and His promise of the Holy Spirit to empower the apostles for their mission. It also assures believers of the hope of their own ascension and eternal life in the presence of God.

The celebration of the Ascension varies among different Christian denominations. In the Catholic Church, Ascension Day is traditionally observed on a Thursday, the fortieth day after Easter Sunday. However, in many regions, the solemnity is transferred to the following Sunday to allow more faithful to participate in the commemoration.

The liturgy on Ascension Day is rich with symbolism and meaning. The readings from Scripture recount the events of Jesus' ascension and His final instructions to His disciples. The prayers and hymns express joy and hope, acknowledging Christ's kingship and His abiding presence through the Church and the sacraments.

In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Ascension is also celebrated with great solemnity, often including an all-night vigil and the blessing of bread and wine, which are distributed to the congregation as a reminder of Christ's enduring presence.

The Ascension invites Christians to reflect on the mystery of Jesus' departure from earth and His ongoing presence in the Church. It is a time to renew faith in the promises of Christ, to seek the guidance of the Holy Spirit, and to commit to the mission of spreading the Gospel to all nations.

As believers around the world observe the Ascension of the Lord, they are reminded of the words of the angels to the apostles, "This Jesus, who has been taken up from you into heaven, will come back in the same way as you have seen Him go to heaven" (Acts 1:11). This assurance fuels the Christian hope for the second coming of Christ and the fulfillment of God's plan for salvation.

The Ascension of the Lord is not only a historical event to be remembered; it is a living reality that continues to inspire and shape the life of the Church. It calls upon the faithful to live with an awareness of Christ's heavenly reign and to work diligently for the coming of His kingdom on earth as it is in heaven. As the liturgical year progresses, the Ascension leads into the celebration of Pentecost, where the gift of the Holy Spirit empowers the Church to carry on the mission entrusted by Christ.

For Year B in the Catholic Mass, the readings for the Ascension of the Lord provide a rich tapestry of scriptural insight and inspiration. The first reading is typically from the Acts of the Apostles (ACTS 1:1-11), where Luke recounts the final moments of Jesus with his disciples and his ascension into heaven. This passage emphasizes the promise of the Holy Spirit and the mission of the apostles to be witnesses to the ends of the earth.

The Responsorial Psalm (Psalms 47:2-3, 6-7, 8-9) echoes the theme of God's kingship and sovereignty, with the refrain "God mounts his throne to shouts of joy: a blare of trumpets for the Lord." It is a psalm of praise that celebrates God's rule over the earth and his ascension to his throne.

The second reading offers options from the Letter to the Ephesians. Ephesians 1:17-23 speaks of the hope and inheritance that believers have in Christ, emphasizing the power of God that raised Christ from the dead and seated him at his right hand. Alternatively, Ephesians 4:1-13 (or the shorter form, Ephesians 4:1-7, 11-13) focuses on unity in the body of Christ and the diversity of gifts given for the building up of the church.

The Gospel reading for Year B comes from Mark (Mark 16:15-20), where Jesus gives the Great Commission to his disciples, instructing them to go into the world and preach the gospel to all creation. It concludes with Jesus' ascension and the disciples going forth to proclaim the message, accompanied by signs.

These readings collectively underscore the central themes of mission, empowerment by the Holy Spirit, and the exaltation of Christ. They serve as a reminder to the faithful of their call to witness and spread the Good News, as well as the assurance of Christ's lordship and his abiding presence through the Spirit.

In conclusion, the Ascension of the Lord is a celebration of hope, a reminder of Christ's victory, and an invitation to live a life of faith and witness. It is a day to look upward to heaven and forward to the future, knowing that Christ has paved the way for humanity's ultimate redemption and union with God. Jesus did not orphan His Catholic Church.  In John 14:3 He said: "And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come back and take you to be with me that you also may be where I am."

He will return again. Have faith, hope, and love Him and One Another!

Monday, May 6, 2024

Governor Hochul: Bronx Kids Do Not Know the Word 'Computer'

The recent comments made by Governor Kathy Hochul at a forum have sparked a significant conversation about the condescending attitudes of politicians, in particular, non-Hispanic whites, the digital divide, and its impact on communities, particularly in the Bronx. The governor's remarks, which suggested that black children in the Bronx may not be familiar with the term "computer," have been met with criticism from local politicians and the public.

The digital divide refers to the gap between those who have easy access to computers and the internet, and those who do not. This gap can significantly affect education, job opportunities, and economic growth. Governor Hochul's comments have brought attention to the ongoing issue of unequal access to technology, which is a critical factor in educational and professional development.

However, most of the talk was regarding her comments saying that Black children in the Bronx do not know what the word "computer" means. These comments were condescending and offensive to minorities especially the talented and intelligent young people of the Bronx. The comments reflect how out of touch the governor is and show the "White Gaze" often projected by non-Hispanic whites where they assume things of other racial groups and believe their knowledge or take is what is reality. Never mind that the Bronx High School of Science, BASE, Dodge High School, Alfred E Smith, and other schools that use science, and computers and teach app creation exist in the Bronx or that Astrophysicist Neil Degrasse Tyson graduated from the Bronx High School of Science.  The governor is clearly aloof to the Bronx and its people and history.  

Of course, our beautiful Black children in the Bronx know what a computer is!  I would bet top dollar they know how to use it and phones better than the governor and her staff!  

In response to the backlash, Governor Hochul expressed regret for her words and clarified her commitment to expanding economic opportunities for communities of color. She emphasized the importance of providing access to technology to help children and young adults in the Bronx and other underserved areas pursue high-paying jobs in emerging industries like artificial intelligence.

Local leaders in the Bronx have responded by highlighting the intelligence, resilience, and potential of the children in their community. They have called for more support and resources to ensure that every child has the opportunity to learn and grow in the digital age.

This incident underscores the need for continued efforts to bridge the digital divide and create equal opportunities for all. It is a reminder that words matter and that leaders must be careful in their communication, especially when discussing sensitive issues related to race and inequality.

Here are some Bronx kids' replies to the governor:

For more detailed coverage on this topic, you can refer to the original articles from various news outlets.


Mayor Adams gives Gov. Hochul pass on remarks about Bronx Black kids not knowing what 'computer is' (

New York governor said Black kids in the Bronx do not know the word ‘computer’ | Kathy Hochul | The Guardian

NY governor regrets saying Black kids in the Bronx don't know what a computer is | AP News

Sunday, May 5, 2024

Reflection: 6th Sunday of Easter Year B - Love is Not Love, God IS Love

Reflecting on the Readings for May 5, 2024: A Journey of Faith and Love

The readings for the Sixth Sunday of Easter in the Year B Catholic Lectionary offer a profound exploration of faith, love, and the inclusivity of God's message. The first reading from Acts 10:25-26, 34-35, 44-48 presents a pivotal moment where Peter acknowledges that God shows no partiality, affirming that the gift of the Holy Spirit is available to all, Jew and Gentile alike. This passage highlights the universality of God's love and the breaking down of barriers that once separated people.

The Responsorial Psalm, Ps 98, echoes this theme of universal salvation with a call to "sing to the LORD a new song" for the wondrous deeds He has performed, making His victory known to the nations. It is a psalm of joy and praise, recognizing God's faithfulness and justice.

In the second reading, 1 John 4:7-10, the apostle John encapsulates the essence of Christian life in the commandment to love one another. This love is not a human invention but originates from God, who is love. The passage reminds us that it is through love that we know God, and it is through His love that we are given life.

The Gospel reading from John 15:9-17 deepens this message, as Jesus invites His disciples to remain in His love and to love one another as He has loved them. The ultimate expression of love, Jesus teaches, is to lay down one's life for one's friends, a foreshadowing of His own sacrifice on the cross.

These readings collectively call the faithful to reflect on the expansive nature of God's love and the call to live out that love in our relationships with others. They challenge us to consider how we can break down barriers and extend the love and grace we have received to everyone we encounter, regardless of their background or beliefs.  God loves everyone, even the worst of sinners.

Today, love is often misconstrued and misguided. Since 2015 we have heard the cliche "Love is Love" from advocates of so-called "same-sex marriage." This phrase is meant to convey that love works on carte blanche. There are no rules or restrictions. You can love anyone you want, whenever you want and in any circumstnace.  This brings huge problems. It allows all kinds of perversions to be equated with "love."  There would be no restriction or limits. Those who claim to love animals or young children in a eros or romantic manner feel validated in their perverted take on relationships. 

The truth is that God is love. Love is pure. It does have limits and restrictions on how it is expressed, to whom and in what circumstance. The love between family members is not the same expression of love as the love among a boyfriend or girlfriend; the love between a married couple is not the same as the expression of love between friends. This is why "Love is Love" is illogical and dangerous.  Not because love is wrong or loving is wrong, but because it ignores the limits, boundaries and restrictions warranted in different situations and with differ persons. 

Love is of God. God is love!  This is why when we help others, do good, feed the poor or given them money, we feel this warmth in us, this immense joy. It is not taught to us. It is not programmed into us by schools, nannies or parents. This is God in us showing love to us through us.  The sensation is constagious and wipes away sorrows and paoins.  This is because God is Love.  Love is the most powerful force in the universe.  Unfortunately, we are failing to express it to one another and to God. This is why we see so many evils in the world and the constant conflics in the Middle East and elsewhere.   

As we ponder these readings, we are invited to ask ourselves how we can better embody the love of God in our daily lives. How can we show love to those who are different from us? How can we be instruments of unity and peace in a world often divided by prejudice and fear?

The message for May 5, 2024, is clear: love is the cornerstone of our faith and the most powerful testimony we can give of the God we serve. Let us then be inspired by these readings to renew our commitment to love as Jesus loved, fully, sacrificially, and unconditionally.


Friday, May 3, 2024

The Papacy, Keys, Peter, Vicar of Christ

The Papacy: A Journey Through History

The papacy, a unique institution in the world, has a history that intertwines with the very development of Western civilization. It is the office held by the pope, the bishop of Rome, who is the spiritual leader of the Catholic Church. The history of the papacy is a fascinating tale that spans over two millennia, reflecting the triumphs, challenges, and evolution of the Church and its place in the world.

Early Beginnings to the Middle Ages

The origins of the papacy can be traced back to Saint Peter, who is documented by historians as the first pope. From these early days, the role of the pope evolved significantly. During the Roman Empire, the papacy's influence grew as Christianity became more accepted, culminating in Emperor Constantine's conversion and the Edict of Milan in 313, which granted religious tolerance to Christians.

The Middle Ages saw the papacy grappling with various powers, such as the Byzantine Empire and the Frankish Kingdom. This period was marked by the Ostrogothic Papacy, Byzantine Papacy, and the influence of powerful Roman families. The Avignon Papacy (1309–1377) and the Western Schism (1378–1417) were particularly tumultuous times, with rival claimants to the papal throne and the relocation of the papacy to France.

Renaissance to the Modern Era

The Renaissance brought about a cultural flourishing that also affected the papacy. This era saw the rise of the Renaissance Papacy (1417–1534), which was characterized by patronage of the arts and a renewed focus on the intellectual and cultural aspects of the Church. However, this period also led to the Reformation and Counter-Reformation, which challenged the authority of the pope and led to significant religious and political upheaval.

The modern era of the papacy began in the late 18th century and has continued to the present day. This period has seen the papacy face new challenges, such as the unification of Italy and the loss of the Papal States, leading to the creation of Vatican City in 1929 as a sovereign city-state. The Second Vatican Council (1962–1965) marked a significant shift in the Church's approach to the modern world, promoting ecumenism and modernizing various Church practices.

The Papacy Today

Today, the papacy remains a vital religious and diplomatic entity. The pope's role has expanded to include not only spiritual leadership but also global advocacy for peace, social justice, and environmental stewardship. The current pope continues to navigate the complexities of modern society while upholding the traditions and beliefs of the Catholic Church.

The history of the papacy is a testament to the enduring nature of the institution and its ability to adapt and thrive amidst the ever-changing landscape of human history. It is a story of faith, power, and the human spirit, woven into the fabric of the Church and the world it serves.


Jesus in Matthew 16:17-19 says:

"Jesus replied, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by flesh and blood but by my Father in heaven. And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock, I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.”

Here Jesus changes Simon's name to 'Peter,' or "rock."  This is significant because in Scripture the rock image is always used to represent the Lord (Psalm 18:31).  

The changing of one's name shows a promotion of status.  For example, Abram becomes Abraham (Genesis 17:5). Jesus did this to show that Peter was to be His representative or vicar on Earth.  This is why the Pope is the "Vicar of Christ."   

He is also the VISIBLE head of the Church for this reason while Jesus is the INVISIBLE head.  Jesus is always the head. The pope just represents Jesus and never replaces Him!  The pope is a servant of Christ. His job is to tend to Christ's flock and protect what Christ has revealed.  

Again, he does not replace Jesus as if Jesus resigned or was a failure, rather, he stands in for Jesus as the visible head of the Church and chief shepherd.  

In Matthew 17:24-25 tax collectors approach Peter asking him if Jesus pays taxes.  Peter here is demonstrated as the representative of Christ or the Vicar of Christ.  

Some claim that the Greek word "petra" means pebble and not rock; however, the New Testament was written in Koine Greek and the word "petra" and "petros" means simply 'rock.'  All scholars agree with this.  Had Jesus wanted to call Simon "small rock or pebble," the appropriate word would have been "lithos."  To further give more evidence to what Jesus actually meant, we must remember that Jesus did not speak Greek.  He spoke Aramaic.  The word Jesus actually used in his native tongue was, "Kepha" which means 'rock.'   Peter is the rock upon which Christ built His Holy Catholic Church.  To my knowledge, there exists no Bible - with the exception of the Watchtower that alters texts - that states, "You are Peter and on this small stone/pebble I will build my Church."  This is a clear indication that the use of the word "rock" was intentional.   

Keys are an important tool in human society. They can lock and unlock things.  Keys are also a sign of possession or ownership.  If I have the keys to a house, car, motorcycle, or bank vault; I control them - I own them.  As long as I hold the keys and no one else does, I have absolute authority.  Jesus gives Peter the keys to the kingdom of Heaven, what does this mean?  Is Jesus going on vacation and giving the keys to his place to a mortal?  No, not at all.  

Jesus as a descendant of King David is imitating the gesture of King Hezekiah in Isaiah 22:20-22.  Hezekiah gives the keys to the kingdom of the House of David to his servant Eliakim.  In the Jewish biblical tradition, this gesture grants royal dynastic authority and shows succession as the leader or prime minister of the House of David.  By giving Peter the keys to His kingdom, Christ is giving Peter the authority to represent Him and the authority to change things or leave them as is.  The key is also referred to in Revelations 3:7.  This is further evidence that Jesus was in fact doing the same as Hezekiah.  

The Primacy of Peter

While Peter was indeed an Apostle just like the other 11, he still had a unique role.  In the New Testament, Peter is mentioned by himself 155 times as opposed to the other Apostles who are mentioned together 130 times.  Peter is mentioned first in the New Testament (Matt. 10:2; Mark 1:36; 3:16; Luke 6:14-16; Acts 2:37; 5:29).  Coincidence?  Not at all.  It is human custom to name the most important person in a group first.  This custom is still used today in the 21st century.  We will always announce a President, Queen or King, Principal, or University President first before others.  

Peter was the only Apostle invited by Jesus to "walk on water," literally (Matt. 14:28-29)  This shows that Jesus had a particular plan for Him in mind and was preparing him by giving him a lesson on what it means to be faithful even when one is surrounded by turbulent waters and wind.  

As the leader of the Church, Peter and his successors must be strong in faith even if it means contradicting the world.  The world would say not to walk on water because you will sink and drown; however, if God says to do it, even if it makes no sense, we have to do it!  

In John 21:15-17, Jesus specifically commands Peter to feed his sheep and lambs.  He asks Peter if he loves Him three times and then commands three times to feed his sheep and lambs.  This was a foreshadowing of the three times Peter would deny Him (John 18:15-18)  This also shows that no matter how weak Peter was, this did not take away from his authority or validity as Pope.  Despite being called "Holy Father," the Pope is still a sinner and subject to personal failings.  Nevertheless, his office remains firm and valid despite the failings of the man holding it.  

Peter was also a direct target of Satan.  In Luke 22:31-32  Jesus tells Peter that Satan wanted to sift him up like wheat.  This shows that Satan was aware of the importance of Peter and wanted to strike at him directly.  The evidence from Scripture alone is overwhelming in regards to the primacy of St. Peter.  

The Early Christians had this to say:

"The blessed Peter, the chosen, the preeminent, the first among the disciples, for whom alone with himself the Savior paid the tribute, quickly grasped and understood their meaning. And what does he say? ‘Behold, we have left all and have followed you’. - Clement of Alexandria 

"For though you think that heaven is still shut up, remember that the Lord left the keys of it to Peter here, and through him to the Church, which keys everyone will carry with him if he has been questioned and made a confession of faith" - Tertullian

"Be it known to you, my lord, that Simon [Peter], who, for the sake of the true faith, and the most sure foundation of his doctrine, was set apart to be the foundation of the Church, and for this end was by Jesus himself, with his truthful mouth, named Peter, the first fruits of our Lord, the first of the apostles; to whom first the Father revealed the Son; whom the Christ, with good reason, blessed; the called, and elect" - The Letter of Clement to James

"Be it known to you, my lord, that Simon Peter, who, for the sake of the true faith, and the most sure foundation of his doctrine, was set apart to be the foundation of the Church, and for this end was by Jesus himself, with his truthful mouth, named Peter" - The Letter of Clement to James

It is obvious that Peter had a significant role as Pope in the first century up to his death whereupon St. Linus took over the Papacy.  

In fact, three popes are mentioned in the Bible, Peter in several places (Matthew 16:18, etc), Linus in 2 Timothy 4:21, and Clement in Philippians 4:3. 

No academic or historian denies this historical truth. The Encyclopedia Britannica, a well-respected source for academic information include the list of popes that beings with Peter, Linus, etc up to now Pope Francis (see:Papacy - Popes, Antipopes, Succession | Britannica).

The papacy is something Jesus created, not the Catholic Church. It is strickly a biblical concept supported by Scripture and Tradition, as well as history.  The pope is needed in Christianity. He is the rock, successor of Peter, Vicar of Christ and the guardian of the faith who keeps the Church united.  

Wednesday, May 1, 2024

NYPD Storms Hamilton Hall

In a recent turn of events, the NYPD took decisive action at Columbia University's Hamilton Hall. This response came after a series of protests that escalated to the occupation of the university building. The NYPD's intervention led to over 100 arrests, but it was reported that there were few injuries during the operation.

The situation at Columbia University is a complex one, involving the delicate balance between the right to protest and maintaining public order. The protests, which were initially sparked by anti-Israel sentiments, had reportedly turned into an occupation of Hamilton Hall, leading to the university's decision to request police intervention.

The NYPD's approach was tactical and aimed at minimizing confrontation. Officers in riot gear used a Mobile Adjustable Ramp System to enter the building through a second-floor window, a strategy that underscores the challenges law enforcement faces when dealing with such situations.

This incident raises important questions about the nature of protest, the role of law enforcement, and the responsibilities of educational institutions in handling dissent. It also highlights the need for dialogue and understanding in resolving conflicts that arise within a community.


NYPD 'storm Hamilton Hall' after Columbia University protest amid reports tear gas fired inside - The Mirror US

NYPD Storms Columbia’s Hamilton Hall After Pro-Hamas Protesters Illegally Took Control Of Building | The Daily Wire

New video shows what happened when NYPD entered Hamilton Hall | CNN


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