Friday, November 22, 2013

Did the Mafia Assassinate President John F. Kennedy?

This is a paper I did for Professor Vaccara a few years back regarding the assasination of President John F. Kennedy and the involvement of the New Orlean's mafia headed by Carlos Marcello:

Did the Mafia Assassinate President John F. Kennedy?©

Since the assassination of President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963 in Dallas, Texas many conspiracy theories have arisen.  Despite the Warren Commission pinpointing Lee Harvey Oswald as the one who assassinated John F. Kennedy; some believe that in reality the Mafia had a role in it.  Some believe the investigations conducted by the Warren Commission to be flawed and useless.  Not enough evidence was provided by the Warren Commission to indicate that Lee Harvey Osward was able to commit the act on his own. 

The books, The Mafia Murder of President John F. Kennedy by David E. Schein and Mafia Kingfish: Carlos Marcello and the Assassination of John F. Kennedy by John H. Davis present the idea that Mafia boss Carlos Marcello had a major role in the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. 

In 1973, a reporter named Peter Noyes was the first to mention the Mafia as having involvement in the assassination of the President.  Law professor G. Robert Blakey presented the suggestion that President John F. Kennedy’s assassination was probably set up by the Mafia as a “hit.”  In 1978, he was the chief counsel for the house Assassinations Committee and used his talents to investigate the Mafia’s possible involvement.

At the time, John F. Kennedy’s brother, Robert Kennedy as United States Attorney General launched a war against organized crime in the 1960’s.  It is believed that the Mafia orchestrated the assassination of President John F. Kennedy for this very reason.  The Mafia does not like to be bothered by the government or any other social body.  It is a secret organization that conducts its business under the shadow of the Law. 

With the weight of the Attorney General on the Mafia, it is logical to assume that the Mafia “defended” itself by taking down the most powerful official in the world: The President of the United States of America.  By doing this, the Mafia would show that it is a force that cannot be taken lightly.  If need be, anyone will be killed in order to keep the Mafia up and running.

Carlos Marcello – whose real name is Calogero Minacore - was the mob boss in New Orleans and Texas.  He was a tomato sales man and real estate investor.  Marcello was arrested many times for numerous crimes.  Marcello is believed to have had a hatred for the Kennedy brothers.  Informants stated that Marcello told Edward Becker - who was a private investigator – that “if you cut a dog’s tail off it will still bite you until you cut its head off.” 

It is believed that Carlos Marcello was referring to Robert Kennedy as the “tail” and President John F. Kennedy as the “head.”   By having Robert Kennedy – a mere – “tail” killed, the “dog” or government will still continue to bite the Mafia.  Therefore, the “head” of the “dog” must be cut off.  The head of course is the leader of the Free world, the United States President.

However, the FBI after investigating Carlos Marcello, did not see him as a major crime boss to be concerned with.  This led the Warren Commission to state that the Mafia was not involved and that Lee Harvey Oswald was the sole perpetrator.  It is interesting to note that the weapon found at the scene was an Italian Carcano rifle.  Also, Lee Harvey Oswald was killed by Jack Ruby.  Lee Harvey Oswald denied the charges against him and said the Mafia used him as a “patsy,” or someone who takes the blame for a crime he/she did not commit. 

Carlos Marcello also confessed about Lee Harvey Oswald being a soldier of sorts.  He is quoted as saying, “He was my man.  He did what the hell I told him to do.”  Also, Jack Ruby, according to Carlos Marcello, owned a strip club that was in debt and that he helped him.  Jack Ruby in turn had to repay the “favor.” 

Other conspiracy theories suggest that maybe the United States government used the Mafia to assassinate President John F. Kennedy for political reasons.  It was also suggested that maybe Fidel Castro or the Soviets used the Mafia to get rid of John F. Kennedy because of his tension with the United States of America during the Bay of Pigs and Cuban Missile Crisis situations.  All seem to point to as the Mafia as the source of assassination of John F. Kennedy.

While in prison, the FBI taped Mafia boss Carlos Marcelo speaking of John F. Kennedy and voicing his frustrations against them.  Among many things said, one stands out the most:  “Yeah, I had the son of a bitch killed.  I’m glad I did.  I’m sorry I couldn't have done it myself!”  He was referring to President John F. Kennedy.       

These conspiracy theories all sound similar to conspiracies regarding September 11, 2001 or even Aliens from space which are brushed off as silly; however, it is very possible that the Mafia under Carlos Marcello had President John F. Kennedy assassinated.  While there is no concrete evidence to support the claim, there is circumstantial evidence that points to the Mafia and Carlos Marcello. 

Some might say that Carlos Marcello was claiming responsibility in order to boost his ego.  This is sometimes a tactic done by leaders of organizations that are known for violent activities.  Terrorist groups such as Hamas and Al- Qaida are known to take credit for any explosion or attack that takes place against the West.  Most likely, they had nothing to do with it but since they have the stage to present their voice, they take the opportunity to claim that the attack came from them. 

Is this what Carlos Marcello did?  Did he claim responsibility in order to present himself as boss so powerful that he could take down the leader of the free will with ease?  It is hard to say.  One must take into account his confessions while in prison.  I don’t think anyone who has the law bearing down on them will be boasting about having a President killed for no reason.             

The Mafia was being backed to a corner when Attorney General Robert Kennedy was investigating organized crime in America.  In order to continue existing, it would make sense to attack back in a way that will send a strong message.  This is not uncommon in the Mafia.  Giovanni Falcone who was a prosecuting magistrate in Italy was blown to smithereens on May 23, 1992.  He was killed because he went after the Mafia in an aggressive manner. 

Giovannie Falcone was a threat that needed to be eliminated.  When comparing Falcone’s demise with John F. Kennedy, one must not set aside the possibility that the Mafia in America attempted to take down the threat that was affecting their criminal institution.  Moreover, the fact that Lee Harvey Oswald was killed before trial raises more red flags.  The Mafia in Italy is known for murdering witnesses or others who might reveal sensitive information regarding its operations.  In this respect, the Mafia is very meticulous with its identity and how it functions within Italian society. 

While no one knows for certain, I am convinced that the Mafia most likely was involved.  Fidel Castro or the Soviets could have been given the blame, but how would they have orchestrated such an attack?  They would have been able to assassinate numerous Presidents if it were either of them. 

Moreover, the FBI did not even suspect Carlos Marcello as being Mafioso, so if they were aloof to his activities, then how would they have known about any assassination attempt from foreign lands?  The Mafia assassinating President John F. Kennedy makes sense since they were able to mask their organization from the federal government.

The President of the United States of America is probably the most well guarded person possibly next to the Pope of the Catholic Church.  Only the Mafia has demonstrated the ability to creatively kill anyone they wanted.  Carlos Marcello could have easily developed a plan to assassinate the President.  He controlled the Mafia in Texas and knew the logistics of how to set up an assassination. 

There is no doubt that Mafia boss Carlos Marcello had President John F. Kennedy assassinated.  The courses of events that follow indicate this.  As stated before, circumstantial evidence is used in courts to determine innocence or guilt.  Everything that has happened shows the tactics that the Mafia is known for. 

Unfortunately, there were no surveillance cameras in the 1960’s like there are today so it is hard to actually show some kind of physical evidence.  Nevertheless, there is enough evidence to see that the Mafia did play a role in President John F. Kennedy’s assassination.  Carlos Marcello’s extreme hatred for the Kennedy brothers and his own confessions show intent.  When analyzing that with the other evidence and events surrounding Lee Harvey Oswald and Jack Ruby, one can see that the whole thing was a plot.   

Back then, security for the President was not as advanced as it is now.  Therefore, the Mafia had an easier time assassinating the President especially since the area he was assassinated at was in the territory of Carlos Marcello.

The Mafia Murder of President John F. Kennedy by David E. Schein (April 1, 1989)  
Mafia Kingfish: Zebra Carlos Marcello and the Assassination of John F. Kennedy by John H. Davis: Signet (November 7, 1989)

Killing Kennedy: The End of Camelot by Bill O'Reilly and Martin Dugard: Henry Holt and Co.; First Edition edition (Oct 2, 2011)



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